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The revolutions shook the region, but none of them took power in new regimes. Heads came out and governments fell and regimes remained strong in Egypt, Tunisia and Sudan. In Libya and Yemen, state institutions have completely collapsed, yet the two countries are still without an alternative system and an effective state.
As the world has seen in Iraq, the protests are surprising, because they are so unexpected and sustained in most cities and in huge numbers of people. Although the phone was cut off, Wi-Fi, the counter-media campaign, and premeditated murder, it did not back down. Despite the protesters' insistence, they are unlikely to topple the regime. Protesting masses are able to force the government to resign and change some decisions.
The protests, even if they failed to overthrow the Iraqi regime, overthrew the sanctity of religious leaders, the prestige of state institutions, humiliated the symbols of Iran, and unified the demands ... of the regions.
Protesters fill fields and roads, and the government cut bridges to prevent them from advancing and access to official institutions, heading to oil refineries and occupy the country's only port «Umm Qasr». They want access to sensitive state facilities but they will not be allowed to do so. The regime has enough weapons to maintain its existence at all costs, and the Iranian regime is lurking with them. So the protesters went to the Iranian consulate and tried to burn it because they believed that those who participated in the shooting were from the Iranian regime.
Even by targeting protesters oil facilities and the port «Umm Qasr» excluded that they hold the idea of ​​overthrowing the state as a complete system of governance, because of its seriousness, as well as almost impossible. If the government ignores the protesters' demands and the killings expand, the protests may change to demand the overthrow of the regime that is not on the table today.
In the eyes of the protesters, the government seems powerless, and it does not control the security services on the ground, nor the armed militias that receive their salaries from the Iraqi government and order Iran. As the prime minister said, the resignation of the government is the easiest thing to offer because it has nothing else to please. The overthrow of the government is easy and the alternative is not the best. Parliament will be given more power, and the parliament is worse than the government because the militias and corruption are also represented in its ranks. What about resorting to oversight bodies, such as the Integrity Commission and the Supreme Council against Corruption? These were also born of the same objectioned institutions. The Integrity Commission accused the head of the main branch of Rashid Bank previously disappeared thirteen billion Iraqi dinars, did not announce what he did to them. It also coincided with the beginning of the protests, the announcement of the expulsion of 1,000 government employees by the Supreme Council against Corruption, saying they were involved. Even this was not convincing to silence the protesters.
عمار الحمداني عضو مجلس محافظة بغداد